Learning Areas

Learning Areas

Science Interest Area

In the Science/Interest Area, children can explore, observe, predict, discuss and discover with self-directed or teacher initiated activities. The children will engage in activities that compare similarities and differences and sensory activities.  They will have the opportunity to have experiments, observe and analyze nature objects, participate in cooking activities and observe changes in matter, take care of living things such as plants and animals. etc.


Materials: Open ended materials; magnifying glasses, kaleidoscopes, magnets, live animals, nature materials such as leaves, rocks, water, variety of beans, grains, peas, spices etc.

Music Area

In the Music Area, children can explore, create, improvise, and discover with self-directed or teacher initiated activities; creating rhythmic music, percussion, singing and dancing.  Opportunities are available to create their own music or follow in group activities with instruments and pre-recorded music.  Children are encouraged to dance and sing.


Materials: Open ended materials; triangles, symbols, rhythm sticks, maracas, blocks, hand bells, scarves and ribbons, pre-recorded music, etc.

Math Area

In the Math Area, children can sort and match things that are the same or different, arrange things in simple patterns based on their characteristics. They will begin the concepts of ordinal order, algebra, fractions and geometry. They are beginning to understand the meaning of words and phrases like “more, less, a lot, and the same as”.  They are starting to use measurement to describe, compare and order things using unconventional tools (pieces of string, sticks and their footsteps) or conventional tools (rulers and measuring cups).


Materials:  Counting games, measuring cups, matching games, dominoes, pattern blocks, plastic chain links, counting bears, dice, shapes, money, rulers, etc.

Drama Area

In the Drama Area, children socialize with other children, pretend and imagine that they are other people and things, imitate adults in their lives, develop self-esteem and confidence.  They learn skills such as: making and expressing choices, planning and decision making, dealing with social conflict, creating and experiencing collaborative play, and being sensitive to the feeling, interests and needs of others.


Materials:  multi-culture dolls, dress-up clothing from many cultures and industries, household props (dishes, cooking utensils, spoons, chop sticks, telephone, etc.), restaurant and grocery items, a variety of music, photos of different family groupings, cash register, doctor’s kit, wood working tools, etc.

Creative/ Art Area

In the Creative /Art Area, children manipulate a variety of art materials and express themselves through art: write, draw, paint, color, and create two and three dimensional representations.  They relate models and pictures to real places and things.  Children develop skills in motor development (pincer grasp, palmer grasp, eye-hand coordination, and large motor movement, etc), turn taking, sharing, problem solving, language skills, pre-reading and writing skills etc.


Materials: A variety of paper, writing and drawing tools, paints, stencils, boxes, yarn, cotton balls, cloth, nature items, playdough, easel, etc.

Cognitive / Manipulative Area

In the Cognitive / Manipulative Area, children distinguish and describe; (shapes, color, number, attributes of things), explore, problem solve, rote and rational counting, sort and match, compare, money, etc.  They develop skills in language and literacy, social relations, cognitive thinking, classification, seriation, color, number, spatial relations, patterning, etc.


Materials: Number games, Color games, Memory games, building materials, blocks, self-help board puzzles, books, nuts & bolts, lacing beads and boards, pegs, thistle blocks, linking fish, etc.

Book / Language Area

In the Book Area and Language Areas, children look at a wide variety of print materials, have stories read to them, listen to stories on CD, create stories, retell and act out stories etc.  They also look at photographs, pictures, printed words etc.  Children develop receptive and expressive language skills in listening and pre-writing (recognizing letters, making sounds, matching words with pictures etc.) They develop an expanding vocabulary with extended sentence structure and increase their conversational skills.


Materials: A variety of books and CDs in many languages, puppets, puppet theatre, pictures, writing tools, paper, picture cards, word cards, alphabet bean bags, alphabet magnets, alphabet games, etc.

Block Area

In the Block Area, children build, take apart, improvise, take turns, share and discuss ideas, problem solve, and make believe etc.  They develop motor skills, math skills (sorting, matching, counting, parts and wholes), comparing attributes, social skills, and the different levels of interaction using a variety building materials (manipulation, mastery and meaning level).

Materials: A variety of blocks, (Unit blocks, shape blocks, Lego blocks etc.) Vehicles, (cars, trucks, tractor, fire-truck, emergency vehicles, boats, space vehicles) diverse sets of people, (families, community helpers, people with disabilities, construction workers, babies, etc.), animals (jungle, farm, zoo), traffic signs, and other accessories, etc.)